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Significance of Minimal Acess Surgery

Nowadays, Surgery and surgical treatment rapidly raising for fast and better recovery. Considerably it is a systematic procedure but it is a great example of minimal access for major issues. yes, we are talking here about Minimally access/invasive surgery which means performing major surgeries via small incisions as compared to larger incision needed in traditional laparotomy. This type of surgery offers many benefits compared to traditional open surgery techniques.

It uses specially designed instruments and miniaturized, high-tech imaging systems, to minimize the trauma of surgical exposure. 

Nowadays, almost all general surgical operations are performed using minimal access including procedures in the chest and abdomen.

Basically, Minimal access surgery is categorized as Laparoscopy, Thoracoscopy, Endoluminal endoscopy (Upper Gastrointestinal scope, Colonoscopy, cystoscopy, bronchoscopy, NOTES, etc), Perivisceral endoscopy (mediastinoscopy, retroperitoneoscopy, etc), and Arthroscopy.

This type of surgery offers patients several benefits such as smaller incisions, faster recovery times, reduced pain, and scarring. In many cases, minimally invasive surgery also offers a higher accuracy rate compared to traditional open surgery. Lets discuss more significant factors related to Minimal Access Surgery.

Laparoscopy often offers a better view than open surgery, particularly better visualization and deep structures in the body pool.

  • Minimum Access Surgery (MAS) provides significant advantages in terms of quality of life after surgery.
  • Postoperative pain is reduced, which reduces postoperative drug and its complications. It also facilitates inferior pulmonary complications.
  • Small wounds are associated with fewer wound complications, less scarring, and better cosmetic result.
  • Patients are able to more quickly (eg food, school, work) to return to normal activities.
  • Quick recovery of a child allows parents to return to work faster.
  • Videos helps surgical assistants, anesthesiologists, and nurses to see what the surgeon and actively participate in the process in their respective roles. Laparoscopy can be performed in infants weighing less than 1.5 kg, without mortality or severe morbidity.

The conclusion is Minimal access surgery has fundamentally changed surgical technology. In many aspects, minimal access surgery yields better results than its conventional open counterpart. With increasing experience, minimal access surgery offers cost-effectiveness to the health services and to patients by a short hospital stay and early return to work. 

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